6th grade, Can and Can't
- Name of Teacher: Sydney Olmon
- Class/Grade/Language Level: Elementary School 6th Grade
- Textbook and specific lesson: Hi Friends 2 Lesson 3-3
- Goal: Students should be able to easily hear the difference between can and can’t and be able to say what they can and can’t do comfortably.
- Preparation: Interview Bingo sheet, small picture cards, large picture cards
- Class time: 45 minutes
- Greeting (ALT and HRT) ~2 minutes
- Review the pronunciation of the vocabulary (play baseball, swim, etc.) using the large picture cards (ALT) ~3 minutes
- Review the target sentences (ALT and HRT) ~5 minutes
“Can you___,” “I can_____,” and “I can’t_____”
- Play karuta with the small picture cards, each pair of students gets one set of cards (ALT) ~5-10 minutes
- Rather than just reading the vocabulary, the ALT says “I can ____” or “I can’t___”
- If the ALT says “I can ride a unicycle” then the students can pick up the card but if the ALT says “I can’t ride a unicycle,” the students cannot pick up the card (this is so students can get used to hearing the difference between the (American) pronunciation of the words.)
- Play another card game with the small cards (ALT and HRT) ~10-15 minutes
- This can be played in pairs or with teams of 3-4 students
- Put the cards in one straight line and have one student on each end of the line
- The students then simultaneously start reading the cards from their end of the line, if they can do the activity, they say “I can___.” if they can’t, they say “I can’t___.”
- When the students meet in the middle they play rock, paper, scissors
- The winner keeps going to their opponents side and the loser starts from the beginning of their side of the line of cards again (if you play with teams, at this point, the losing groups switches to the next person in the team)
- When a person/team reaches the other person’s/team’s side of the line of cards, that person/team wins (this is so the students can practice saying what they can and can’t do while also practicing the vocabulary)
(ALT and HRT) make a sheet beforehand using the vocabulary from the lesson, the sheet will have to be 3 by 3 if you are only using the vocabulary from the lesson (this is replacing Activity 2 in the textbook) ~15 minutes
- The goal of the game is to get bingo by interviewing classmates, since there are not many activities on the sheet you can make them have to get 2 or 3 lines, or have them completely finish the sheet.
- The students walk around the room and meet with a classmate
- They play rock, paper, scissors
- The winner then asks the loser “Can you___,” using the vocabulary from the worksheet
- If the loser of rock, paper, scissors can do that activity, they say “Yes, I can____.” and write their name on the worksheet underneath whatever activity they said they can do and then they say goodbye and talk to a new person.
- If loser of rock, paper, scissors cannot do that activity, they say “No, I can’t ____.” and then no one signs anything and they go talk to a new person.
[this is so the students can practice asking each other what they can and can’t do while also practicing responding to the question]
This lesson is a bit heavy on rock, paper, scissors, but I like it because the students are able to do many different types of activities that all practice slightly different aspects of the target English sentences and vocabulary. I also like that each part of the lesson slowly gets more difficult and hopefully the students will have practiced the English enough by the time that they get to the interview game so they’ll be able to ask each other what they can and can’t do without speaking in Japanese. The HRT and ALT will have to walk around the room a lot during the last two activities to make sure that the students are speaking in English.