Debate Introduction and Argument (1st-year SHS in high-level academic schools/Be Textbook (optional)

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Name of teachers: Bilal Khan and Ms. Seiseiko

Class/Grade/Language Level: SHS 1st-year students (high academic school)

Textbook and specific Lesson: Be textbook (optional)

Goal: Introduce debate to 1st-year students

Preparation:Textbook, File:Worksheet1.docx, File:Worksheet2.pdf, File:Worksheet3.docx, and a timer

Class time: 50 minutes

PART ONE: Warm-up

5 minutes. Greet the class using expressions from the front cover of the Be textbook (this textbook had expressions like “What’s up,” and “How’s it going?” which we practiced together). The goal was for students not to respond with the basic, “I’m fine, thank you.” Basically any warm-up activity to get students speaking in English is good here.

  • ALT: Greet class, introduce warm-up activity
  • JTE: Start Class

PART TWO: Debate Introduction, Handout 1

6 minutes. What is debate? Why is debate important? How do we do debate? I have students tell me the answers by reading off the handout. I let students talk with each other afterwards so they can check their understanding.

6 minutes. Go over the ingredients of an argument: opinion, reason, and support. In this class (1st year high school students), we give one reason and many supports. Again, I let students talk with one another.

3 minutes. Quick review; students can talk with each other to check understanding.

  • ALT: Give instructions, volunteer students
  • JTE: Make sure students understand what to do, help clarify any difficult sections

PART THREE: Reason and Support Activity, Handout 2

10 minutes. Students get into pairs. Students will get a worksheet and try to pair reasons with the correct support.

5 minutes. Students share and discuss answers with the class. Usually, there are no volunteers, so I choose students based on who I see are capable of answering the questions from walking around in the previous 10 minutes.

  • ALT: Give instructions, walk around and help students as they work
  • JTE: Walk around and help students as they work, clarify instructions when needed

PART FOUR: Writing an Argument, Handout 3

3 minutes. Check understanding of students by giving an example on the board. They must label the opinion, reason, and support. Example: I think that Aso is better than Kumamoto City [Opinion] because there are many delicious products that come from Aso [Reason]. For example, Aso is famous for its milk [Support].

10 minutes. Students write arguments for the given topics on the worksheet. Students will write opinions, reasons, and support.

2 minutes. Collect papers and give closing remarks.

  • ALT: Give instructions, walk around and help students as they work
  • JTE: Walk around and help students as they work, pass out worksheets