What do you like?
Name of Teacher: Roland Carlos
Grade Level: Elementary School 1st-3rd grade
Textbook: Works well with Hi, Friends 1 – Lesson 5 (What do you like?) and Lesson 6 (What do you want?)
Goal: Get students comfortable with “What do you like?” and “I like …” (can also easily be used with the ‘want’ lesson)
Preparation: Picture cards (for words 1st-3rd graders know, which are usually colors, fruit, sports)
Class Time: 10-15 minutes
- Vocab and Phrase Intro (5 minutes)
Start off by introducing the items that you want to like for the activity. You will probably want to stick with simple vocabulary, such as colors or fruit. However, use whatever works for the class.
After practicing a few words (probably no more than 6 are necessary for the activity), introduce the phrase “I like…” See if some students know what it means first (you’d be surprised!). More often than not you’ll need to tell them what the phrase means in Japanese. Have students repeat and mix it up using the vocab you introduced before. I also like to use words outside the introduced vocab here to show that students can use it to like things besides just fruit (character and anime names work best here, kids will be familiar with them and more often than not be excited to hear something they know).
By now the young kids may be getting a little antsy, so calm them down and let them know you have one more thing you want to teach them. Introduce “What do you like?”, telling the kids what it means and sounding out each word before doing the whole phrase. Let the kids know that they’ll need to say it properly for the next activity if they get lazy about repeating it after you.
- Guessing Game (7 minutes)
Pick four of the picture vocab cards that you introduced and place each of them in a corner of the room. First close your eyes and let the kids run to whichever corner of the room they like. After they’ve selected a spot, have all the kids ask you together “What do you like?” Eyes still closed, say “I like…” with one of the four vocab cards. Students that are standing in the spot that you like are out. Repeat as needed until there is only one (or a certain number) left standing.
There are a few variations on this game you could do. If you don’t like the idea of kids not participating once they are out, you can have them keep score instead and the kids that are not standing in the “liked” spot get one point. Highest point after a certain number of turns wins.
You can also have a student take your place in saying the “I like…” portion. However, I find students are usually more excited to be running around, so you can make the student who is “out” instead be the one who says “I like…” and rotate the role accordingly around the students (if there’s a group of students out, have them do janken to pick the next speaker).
While you can do this game in the opposite direction (students are out/get points if they stand at the liked spot), I find that it usually eliminates students too quickly or students lose interest quickly by not getting points.
I also like to ham it up a bit with the young kids by telling them to be quiet when they walk around from corner to corner, although you can easily tell where most kids are when they shout “What do you like?” regardless. Using this, you could set it up so no one is out/everyone get points.
- Review (2-3 minutes)
Find out who the winner is (if you were keeping score) and reward accordingly. By now your kids will be pros at “What do you like” so review it one more time with them and be amazed by how much louder they say it this time. If you have a few minutes, try asking some of your more adventurous students what they like, having them use the “I like…” construction. More often than not kids will be worried because they can’t say what they like in English, but just say as long as they got “I like…” down, they can use Japanese for the liked item.